A house is one of the basic necessities of a human being. They are made of different kinds of materials. Based on a person’s ability to construct a house, we can differentiate houses into so many types. Some of the traditional houses found around the world are as below:-
Suwon- This is a traditional Korean house with a heating system, or Ondol, on its base. The main feature of Ondol is the under floor heating system with mud on its top and stones below it. This type of house helps Koreans to keep their house warm during severe winter. Moreover, the entrance of the house will be made smaller. This will prevent the cold air coming into the house. How Ondol works? The heat from the stove in the kitchen goes through the pathway under the floor. This will light the Ondol on mornings and evenings, and the room temperature will remain at 15 degree Celsius. This helps them to sleep on the warm floor, even without wearing room socks.
Gel – This is one type of traditional nomad houses seen in Mongolia. These are transferable house. That means they will stick to a place till their domestic animals have enough food. The whole frame work of the house is covered with the white cloth filled with wool and hair of the domestic animals. Two main poles in the centre support the house. To protect themselves from the severe winter, Mongolians make a double cover on the ceiling.
Hakka Houses – These types of houses can be found in Fujian, China. A family named Hakka built houses with the hard soil walls. From that time onwards, the houses were known as Hakka houses. During the 12th and 13th century, Hakka family built such houses with hard wall to protect themselves from outsiders. Most of the Hakka houses are four storied and nearly hundreds of people are living together. It’s like one town house for the whole family with same last name.
Reed houses of Uros Tribe – This type of house can be seen in the Titicaca Lake of Peru. Reed houses are house of Uros tribes. They built their house with rootballs of the totora reeds. Each family brings one floating root block or quili. Then these quilis are tied together by rope and anchored by eucalyptus poles. To build the islands, many layers of reeds are interwoven on top of the quilis. This block the island from washed away. We can see nearly 50 artificial reed Islands made of floating reeds in the lake. It is estimated that about 2,000 Uros people lives in each reed island. The island, boats and houses are all made of reed.
Brick house of Berber Tribe – Berber tribes can be seen in the Sahara Desert of Morocco. Towards the southern part of the Morocco, we can see brick houses. To make brick houses they mix clay and water and put them into a mold and later dry under the sun. These sun dried bricks are pasted one over the other using the clay. Though such type of houses cannot withstand earthquakes, it can keep the room temperature at comfortable levels.
Water houses of Sabah fishermen- Most of the fishermen of Sabah of Borneo Island in Malaysia are living in the water village. They make the water village using the timber of mangrove tree. They are using the timber of mangrove tree, because it has the durability against the sea water.
It’s really interesting to know about the different types of materials people using for building their houses. I am fascinated about the type of houses people making all around the world. I am planning to search on websites connected with service from providers like Xfinity Internet to know more about the different building materials.